The Montessori classroom is divided into six areas of learning: Practical Life, Sensorial, Language, Math, Cultural (History, Science, Geography) and creative subject (art, music, drama). These materials are placed on low shelves for the child to choose freely. Children are naturally drawn to what they want to work on with guidance from the teachers. These materials have built in "control of error" so the child can check their own work as well as at there own pace. These materials offer the children to see abstract information in a concrete way to help understand what they are working on.
This area of curriculum is to invite the young learner to experience the act of real tasks that encourage independence, coordination, order, and concentration. The materials in this area develop the child's care of self and offers daily activities like dressing, eating and cleaning.
This area of curriculum lays an early foundation of cognitive development that starts with concrete concepts that lead to abstract thinking. Children use hands-on materials that help the child understand math's abstract concepts in a more concrete clear form.
In this area the child uses materials that develop their maturing senses. (nose, eyes, ears, tongue, skin) Sensorial exercises observations that gain qualities for understanding similarities and contrasts.
In the Montessori Classroom language is brought out through lessons in all areas. The language area promotes reading readiness materials, phonic analysis as well as material for motor control.
This part of the curriculum is to allow the teacher to introduce many more aspects of the child's world. They can explore geography, botany, zoology, etc.. through materials that are offered in the classroom.